Place: The Galapagos Islands
The Galapagos penguin population is small; it is estimated that there are only about 2,000 of these magnificent birds which, according to the experts, are fairly stable at the moment. As penguins only breed in the colder waters near Fernandina and Isabela, their population was devastated during the El Niño phenomenon. Penguins are also harmed by secondary effects of human actions through invasive species, oil spills, and global warming.
Scientists are working very hard to avoid all these threats, conducting yearly census of their population and working to preserve their natural habitats.
Additionally during this time of year, sea lions are very active, specifically among the western and central islands. And most marine birds remain active at their nesting sites, especially on the islands of Genovesa, Española and Fernandina.
People with an interest in the volcanic origins of the Galapagos Islands should check out the fascinating lava flows and other geological features, which are great to visit during this season when conditions are well-suited for hiking.